The 93-year-old Mugabe is often caught on camera appearing to be dozing at public events, and his health in general is a hot topic before next year’s presidential election, which he is expected to contest.
He left for Singapore on Monday, his second medical trip in about two months .
The pictures and videos of Mugabe apparently nodding off have gone viral on social media and opponents have mocked him as unfit for office.
Mugabe’s spokesman, George Charamba, blamed the president’s eyes, and told the newspaper the Herald that local opticians suggested he should seek treatment abroad.
“At 93, there is something that happens to the eyes and the President cannot suffer bright lights. If you look at his poise, he looks down, avoids direct lighting,” Charamba said.
“It (the trip to Singapore) has to do with his eyes and often I have felt very, very pained.
In fact, I feel like a failure when there is this reading that the President is sleeping in conferences, no.”
On May 5 at a World Economic Forum Summit in South Africa, Mugabe sat slumped in his chair, wringing his hands, as he told a panel discussion in a low murmur that his country was not a “fragile state”.
Local private media reports say Mugabe has prostate cancer, which government officials deny.